Great skin is not simply a matter of DNA — your daily habits, in fact, have a big impact on what you see in the mirror. Most important is to take care of your skin which is continuously exposed to sun, dust, pollution and so many more such particles. At times this can lead to breakouts so it’s always advised by the dermatologists to take ample steps towards a daily healthy skin care routine.
Everyone has a different skin type, be it oily or dry. Different products and home techniques have varied results on different types of skin, maybe what’s applied by one may not work for another. This is why dermatologists suggest that all skin products should be apt for your skin and should not be changed continuously.
THREE MAIN STEPS
Think of your skin-care routine as consisting of three main steps:
- Cleansing — Washing your face.
- Toning — Balancing the skin.
- Moisturizing — Hydrating and softening the skin.
Give it time
The science behind skin-care products has come a long way but there’s still no such thing as an instant fix — you need time to reap the benefits.
Washing is the simplest and most important part of this regime.
Thus, finding a perfect facial cleanser is crucial. Also, maximum skin problems occur in 15-30yearolds due to changing habits. Toning is the next step while even serums can be applied as they are powerful skin allies. Then comes the most important that is moisturizing which hydrates and softens the skin and dermatologists recommend it to be used all year round as it prevents water loss. They protect from existing moisture only.
Next is protection from the sun. The sun is the number one cause of ageing. It is important to always wear sunscreen — every single day. Look for one which protects against both UVA and UVB rays. Thus, sunscreen or SPF application is necessary and even on arms, ears, neck and hands.
Use a gentle exfoliator at least twice a week. The exfoliator will scrub off dead skin cells relieving new radiant skin underneath. Exfoliation is important as a build-up of dead cells causes clogged pores, uneven skin tone and deeper wrinkles.
Don’t over complicate things
Great skin starts from within! Make sure you’re eating nutrient-rich foods to ensure you’re getting vital vitamins and minerals. These will help to prevent breakouts, improve radiance, and accelerate healing. Top up with good fats too — omegas 3 and 6 strengthen your skin’s lipid barrier and reduce inflammation.
These are a series of steps to follow for a skincare regime-
- Your skincare regimen, both at morning or at night, should not take more than two minutes.
- Keep some skincare products with you on-the-go.
- The same routine needs to be repeated at night.
- You don’t need to work on all of your skincare concerns at once and can take care of them one by one.
- Keep your skincare routine to nothing more than three or four steps.
Like in your teens and early 20s, the skin is young and versatile. Your skincare routine at this stage is often as simple as cleansing, toning and moisturising, in order to combat debris.
Elasticity and hydration of the skin are at their peak in your 20s, but from 25 onwards, elasticity starts to drop. It is recommended that women in their 20s start investing in good skincare products that reduce and prevent signs of premature ageing, maintaining their youthful and healthy-looking skin as long as possible.
Youthful skin has an abundance of collagen, elastin and hyaluronic acid. As the years go by, these start to decrease. After the age of 30, our skin loses about 1% of collagen a year. Smoking, unmanaged stress and a sedentary, unhealthy lifestyle can speed up the process.
In this decade you may start to notice fine lines around your eyes or even on your forehead. You may also notice your skin becoming more uneven in tone, with a mix of dehydration on the cheeks and jawline and oily on the T-zone. This is the time to invest in an anti-ageing skincare range.
Inputs by Dr. Sruthi Gondi, Founder and Managing Director, Science of Skin